Hanseatic League, also called Hansa, German Hanse, organization founded by north German towns and German merchant communities abroad to protect their. For years, the Hanseatic League dominated the economic fortunes at the North Sea and Baltic Sea. The modern Hanseatic League shows you the cultural . European diplomacy has long been built around alliances, and few have a more glorious history than the Hanseatic League — a 14th century.

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Those grave and mounting external pressures set up severe strains within the league and destroyed its unity of purpose.

Imperial City of Dortmund. World War I, an international conflict that in —18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along…. Retrieved 26 July Cadicus Augustus Capsule Liga Hanseatica. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

During the 14th century the Hanseatic League was molded into its definitive form. Fromthe division into Drittel was modified to reduce the circles’ heterogeneity, to enhance the collaboration of the members on a local level and thus to make the league’s decision-making process more efficient.

Ina Hanseatic League agreement reconfirmed previous obligations and rights of league members, such as common protection and defense against enemies. Merchant circles established the league to protect the guilds’ economic interests and diplomatic privileges in their affiliated cities and countries, as well as along hanswatica trade routes which the merchants used.

The Hansa sold ships everywhere in Europe, including Italy.

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Hanseatic League

Over the next 50 years the Hansa itself emerged with formal agreements for confederation and co-operation covering the west and east trade routes. Die Hanse in German. The overriding purpose of many of the associations that preceded the full league was to secure combined action against pirates and land robbers, and the need for such action always remained. Deutsche Hanse ; Dutch: Swedish copper and iron ore were traded westward, and herring caught off the southern tip of Sweden was traded throughout Germany and southward to the Alps.

Archived from the original PDF on 24 July Encyclopedia of Baltic History group research project. Visby functioned as the leading centre in the Baltic before the Hansa. The Encyclopedia of World History: At the start of the 16th century, the league found itself in a weaker position than it had known for many years. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The Nuremberger merchant Albrecht Moldenhauer was influential in developing the trade with Sweden and Norway, and his sons Wolf Moldenhauer and Burghard Moldenhauer established themselves in Bergen and Stockholm, becoming leaders of the local Hanseatic activities.

The Hanseatic League – cities in 16 countries

On joining the Hanseatic League, Reval was a Danish fief, but was sold, with the rest of northern Estonia, to the Teutonic Order in They made increasing use of large gifts and loans to political leaders to secure their privileges and stifle opposition.

The Hanseatic Kontorewhich operated like banseatica early stock exchange[26] each had their own treasury, court and seal. This hanweatica is open to all former Hanseatic League members and cities that share a Hanseatic Heritage. Free City of Hamburg. Iskoshi Stetille Kestrel Liga Hanseatica. Introduction Western trade to Merging of the associations The League at its outset Political organization to oppose competitors Danish War —70 The league in its final form Decline 15th—17th centuries.


Another similarity involved the cities’ strategic locations along trade routes. In the Dutch—Hanseatic War —41the merchants of Amsterdam sought and eventually won free access to the Baltic and broke the Hanseatic monopoly.

It grew into a significant walled community with its own warehouses, weighhouse, church, offices and houses, reflecting the importance and scale of trading activity on the premises. The league had a fluid structure, but its members shared some characteristics; most of the Hansa cities either started as independent cities or gained independence through the collective bargaining power of the league, though such independence remained limited.

The 14th century was marked by the growth of political power in areas where the Hanseatic merchants had thitherto penetrated with little opposition, and by the appearance of strong resistance from local merchants who were developing sufficient strength and experience to resent and to try to oust the intrusive foreigners.

Despite its collapse, several cities still maintained the link to the Hanseatic League.

Imperial City of Cologne. From Prehistory to the end of the Habsburg era ]. Members of the Hanseatic League by quarter.