LEPTOSPIROSIS CANINA PDF
La leptospirosis canina es una enfermedad que clínicamente puede presentar curso sobreagudo, agudo o crónico. Es de difícil diagnóstico por la gran variedad . The prevalence of leptospirosis in dogs indicates that the disease is present .. Caballero A. Leptospirosis canina y su relación con el hombre. INFORME BREVE. Genotypes of Leptospira spp. strains isolated from dogs in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Genotipos de cepas de Leptospira spp. aisladas de.
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Leptospirosis, a re-emerging zoonotic disease.
Veterinaria México OA
Leptospirosis has a complex epidemiology in which a variety of domestic and wild animal species are involved. Moreover, in humans the infection is always incidental.
To prevent the disease in pets and their owners, simple preventive measures can be applied focusing on lepyospirosis the chances of infection, including vaccination in dogs, good hygiene and to avoid the exposure of dogs and cats to infected animals and reservoir hosts.
Iodine or chlorine based disinfectants may be used to leptosoirosis contaminated cages and surfaces Guerra but accelerated hydrogen peroxide leptosoirosis quaternary ammonium solutions are also effective Sykes et al For this reason, dog owners should be aware that their pets may not be fully protected because serovars that cause the disease may vary temporally and geographically Guerra In this sense, serological testing for canine leptospirosis is complicated because dogs may be actively infected and shedding organisms, and yet be seronegative and clinically normal Harkin et al a.
Canine leptospirosis, United States, Dogs with chronic leptospirosis could have chronic hepatitis or hepatic fibrosis and signs include anorexia, weight loss, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy and icterus Andre-Fontaine and Hernandez Urine bacteriological culture leotospirosis also performed, but none sample were positive.
Regarding pharmacological imunoprophilaxis, appropriate antibiotics are highly effective in preventing urinary shedding of the bacteria Brown and Prescott Leptospirosis is especially prevalent in geographic areas with large annual rainfall and warm climate, however factors such as host exposure and the presence of wild and domestic reservoir also influence the geographical distribution of the bacterium Sykes et al The survival of leptospires for several days in murine renal tissue may indicate that felines that hunt mice could have a high risk of exposure to infection.
Clustering of reported cases of leptospirosis among dogs in the United States and Canada.
Contact with urine and other body fluids from infected animals or animals with a high index of suspicion of leptospirosis should be avoided through the use of gloves. Int J Zoon 12, The World Health Organization classifies leptospirosis as a neglected tropical disease of global importance. Acute leptospirosis is characterised by fever, vomiting, dehydration, tachypnoea and shock which can occur so quickly that hepatic or renal failure do not have time to develop Van de Maele et al ; this form is known as Stuttgart disease Faine Prevalence of Leptospira infection and frequently reported serovars in dogs in cross-sectional studies carried out in some countries.
Stray dogs that roam free in cities are especially important in the transmission of infection Batista et alSontas et al because of the potential contact with infected canines or rodents.
Outdoor cats generally have higher antibody titres and transmission from rodents is more likely than in indoor animals Arbour et al Furthermore, dogs that are exercised by walking in parks and those who wander in leptoepirosis for example, hound dogs or with access to water sources where they swim have a higher risk of exposure to the bacteria.
Also, immunocompromised humans should be referred to their medical practitioner for advice about the disease Sykes et al Pet ownership has actually been considered a risk factor for Leptospira infection Guerrabut there is very limited information about this.
Serologic study of feline leptospirosis in Theran, Iran. The aim of this article is to review the main features of leptospirosis in domestic dogs and cats considering basic characteristics of the bacteria, to describe aspects on epidemiology, clinical signs and diagnosis, to highlight the potential zoonotic implications of the infection from pets to their owners and to revise some topics on prevention.
Wild animal reservoirs and animals with subclinical infection continue to harbor and shed leptospires, therefore, rodent control in shelters, maintenance of environmental conditions to prevent the bacterial survival and isolation of infected animals are important steps to prevent the spread of infection.
Clin Applied Leptospirosid Rev 4, Domestic dogs transmit Leptospira spp. The genus Leptospira is serologically classified into serovars and it includes more than two hundred pathogenic serovars, based on the structural heterogeneity of the bacterial lipopolysaccharide Xue et al Vet Clin Small Anim 33, La rata leptospieosis el perro importantes vectores de la leptospirosis en explotaciones pecuarias de Cd.
Veterinarians should be cautious in animals with renal disease Sykes et al and they can minimise the risk of occupational transmission by following recommended infection control practices Baer et al The MAT and PCR are the two techniques allowing leptosirosis confirmation of the diagnosis, but the MAT is only used in few reference laboratories and PCR on blood samples is possible only for a short window few days in the first week of the disease Picardeau Acha P, Szyfres B eds.
Since the control of shedding of leptospires by wild animal reservoirs is impossible, vaccination of dogs that live in endemic areas is essential.
LEPTOSPIROSIS CANINA by Mariai Restrepo on Prezi
Rev Cubana Med Trop. Comp Inmun Microbiol Dis.
Some animals suffer severe clinical signs of leptospirosis when they are infected with serovars for which they are not adapted and they are called “incidental hosts”.
Health Science Journal 2, Leptospirosis in the Phillipines: Bangladesh J Med Microbiol 3, University of London; The prevalence of leptospiral agglutinins in the sera of the domestic cat. Fluorescent antibody testing can be performed in urine, blood and histologic samples Harkin et al a and it generally does not distinguish between serovars Langston and Heuter Further determination of DNA relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with a proposal for Leptospira alexanderi sp.