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According to Redfield, the decreasing isolation and homogeneity moving from tribal to peasant village, to township, to urban center were causes of increased levels disorganization, secularization and individualization among the Maya.

Over the years, he was to act almost as their representative in several matters, although he was equally careful not to upset the Mexican and U. In full, Morley writes that even though it might be anticipated that more phonetic elements would come to be identified, ” In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. Government had a keen interest. See Thompsonp. He wrote in”time, in its various manifestations, the accurate record of its principal phenomena, constitutes the majority of Maya writing.

This Morley is perhaps best known to students of American culture for his early interest in old covered bridges as historical structures. Kidderand Morley was left ,aya concentrate on Chichen Itza. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use civilizaxion Privacy Policy.

Several later archaeologists would recall that their youthful exposure to these articles, “vividly illustrated with a color rendition of a purported virgin in filmy huipil [a type of clothing] being hurled into the Sacred Cenote”, had drawn them into the field in the first place.

It was Morley’s view, and one that found wide support, that these undeciphered portions would contain only more of the same astronomical, calendric and perhaps religious information, not syovanus historical data. Some sources erroneously note his birthplace as Massachusetts, in apparent confusion with that of his cousin, also named Sylvanus Griswold Morley.

Sylvanus Morley

Contributions to American Archaeology, No. Key Figures in the History of Anthropology 2nd ed. However, at the end of the season, Thompson left Carnegie’s employ to take up a post offered l Chicago’s Field Museum of Natural History.

His directorship over all of the Institute’s activities in the Maya region soon ran into difficulty.

The name chich’en itza in modern Yukatek orthography means roughly “mouth of the well of the Itza “, the “well” being the nearby Sacred Cenote water-filled sinkhole and “Itza” being the name of the people who were reputed to be syvanus former inhabitants.


Journal of Anthropological Research. These documents purported to be contemporary accounts written around the 17th century, which had been “discovered” in the midth century.

Towards the end of the project Morley’s work on these was to be superseded somewhat by a more-comprehensive analysis made by Hermann Beyer in It is now accepted that other societies such as the Zapotec and Olmec preceded that of the Maya and the influences—such as development of writing morlwy the Mesoamerican calendars —were rather the other way around; even in the later civilizqcion of Maya history, their region came under significant influences drawn from central Mexico, such as the Toltec “invasion”.

Thompson had studied Morley’s work and from that taught himself Maya calendricswhich were a particular passion for Morley. His epigraphic work, which was his personal abiding interest “bringing home the epigraphic bacon” was a favorite quote of his[45] is likewise generally outdated, although it was widely supported for several decades after amya death.

Yet in his focus on calendric details, he would often overlook or kaya neglect the documentation of other non-calendric aspects of the Maya script; the comprehensiveness of some of his publications suffered much as a result.

Inat the urging of executive committee member William Barclay Parsonsthe Carnegie Institution announced it would fund a department of anthropology. In his autobiography, the Spanish professor noted the effect of this name change and subsequent confusion:. Some of these reports bordered on economic spying, detailing the activities of local competitors and opponents of large U. Retrieved from ” https: Since most of these inscription dates at the site were recorded in an abbreviated form known as the “Short Count”, which only identified an event within a span of about years, it was difficult to pin down in which particular span an event referred to in the inscriptions occurred.

Several times, he was incapacitated by recurring bouts of malaria and he had to be hospitalised after civllizacion contracting colitis and then amoebic dysentery the following year.

La civilización maya – Sylvanus Griswold Morley – Google Books

This empire mysteriously collapsed, but the remnants later migrated to the northern sites such as Chichen Itza to form a “New Empire”. Perhaps the contributions that today remain the most relevant arise from his instigation of civilkzacion Carnegie research programmes, his dylvanus and support shown to other scholars, and the undeniable successes in the restorative efforts that have made the Civilizacon sites justly famous.


Morley was in general opposed to ideas that other external groups had influenced the Maya, but in this case, since the conquest occurred in the “degenerate” Post-Classic phase he found it acceptable. Sylvanus Morley was also to be remembered as a spokesman and representative of the Maya peoplesamong whom he spent so much of his time, and who otherwise lacked the means to directly address some of their concerns with the wider public. In support of his view, Morley devised a 4-tier classification system of relative importance, which he ascribed to all of the then-known main Maya sites about ; many more sites are now known, and his classification system is now seen as an arbitrary one, contradicted in places by the sites’ texts which can now be substantially read.

Archaeological Ethics 2nd ed. Their mission was to seek out evidence of pro-German and anti-American agitation in the Mexico-Central America region and to look for secret German submarine bases which proved non-existent. The essentials of the calendric notation and astronomical data had been worked out by the early 20th century, and by the s John E.

By the turbulent political situation in Mexico had stabilized somewhat, clearing the way for work to begin on the Carnegie Institution’s Chichen Itza project. The Sacred and the Profane: The move made us homonyms, and gave rise to endless confusion.

According to subsequent investigations, [15] Morley was one of a number of ONI operatives civilizackon in the region under the guise of conducting scholarly research. Hay; Ralph Linton; Samuel K. However, recent research from the mids onwards has now questioned this orthodoxy, to the point where many now hold an actual invasion did not take place, but the similarities in style are largely due to cultural diffusion and trade, and that in fact there is evidence that the diffusion in this period flowed in both directions.

Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In his role as director of various projects sponsored by the Carnegie Institution, he oversaw and encouraged many others who later established notable careers in their own right.