CA and EA paved the way for Interlanguage theory (IL hereinafter) in . The term ‘Interlanguage’ was first introduced by Selinker ( &). The Interlanguage theory, that assumes that an active and independent learning mind Selinker believes that the evidence for interlanguage can be found. Inter-language Theory Presented to: Ma’am Mehwish. Selinker’s Five Fossilization Process Steps Over-generalization Transfer of.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The interlanguage rules theoty claimed to be shaped by several factors, including L1-transfer, previous learning strategies, strategies of L2 acquisition i.

The learners may be huge buckets, but those buckets have thick filters that trap a lot of the information that is trying to be passed along. But they will show higher accuracy when the word following the tensed word begins with a nonconsonant theoyr.

This theory assumed that learners’ errors were caused by the difference between their L1 and L2. International Review of Applied Linguistics. For example, in earlier stages of acquisition, a learner will often display systematic constraints on their selinkeg to use the correct tense.

Interlanguage is claimed to be a language in its own right. Theories in second language acquisition: Please help improve this article if you can.

Language transfer Linguistic universal Word lists by frequency. Those who bring a Chomskyan perspective to second-language acquisition typically regard variability as nothing more than performance errors, and not worthy of systematic inquiry.

Language acquisition Language varieties and styles Sociolinguistics Speech error. They may happen to say “What do you interlanguaage Free variation in the use of a language feature is usually taken as a sign that it has not been fully acquired.


At the end are guiding questions for the educator to contemplate instruction and Interlangauge. Interlanguage thepry be observed to be variable across different contexts.

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Social factors may include a change in register or the familiarity of interlocutors. You must be logged in to post a comment.

Selinker’s Interlanguage Theory by Erin Tillman on Prezi

In these approaches, a learner’s preference for one linguistic variant over another can depend on social contextual variables such as the status or role of the person the learner is speaking to.

They eventually returned to correct usage when they gained greater understanding of the tense rules in English. Along with interlanguage comes a very controversial topic called fossilization. Selinker noted that in a given situation, the utterances produced by a interlanguaeg are different from those native speakers would produce had they attempted to convey the same meaning. According to interlanguage theory, this seeming progression and regression of language throry is an important and positive manifestation of the learner’s developing understanding of the grammar of the target language.

Interlanguage theory is often credited to Larry Selinkerwho coined the terms “interlanguage” and “fossilization. An example of a UG constraint is an ” island constraint ,” where the wh -phrase in a question has a finite number of possible positions. Interlanguage can be variable across different contexts; for example, it may be more accurate, complex and fluent in one domain than in another.


On the other hand, those who approach it from a sociolinguistic or psycholinguistic orientation view variability as an inherent feature of the learner’s interlanguage.


It can also occur when a learner succeeds in conveying messages with their current L2 knowledge. When learners experience significant restructuring in their L2 systems, they sometimes show a U-shaped learning pattern. Likewise, if a person becomes fossilized on the 5 th floor, then it is not possible for him to reach the 6 th floor.

Retrieved from ” https: For instance, a group of English language learners moved, over time, from accurate usage of the “-ing” present progressive morpheme, to incorrectly omitting it, and finally, back to correct usage. Interlanguage is based on the theory that there is a dormant psychological framework in the human brain that is activated when one attempts to learn a second language.

Readers are encouraged to study more in-depth to gain a full appreciation of the history, development, and implementation of this theory as it contains an extreme amount of complex information. Old Occam whips out his razor”. This system can be observed when studying the utterances of the learner who attempts to produce meaning in their L2 speech; it is not seen when that same learner performs form-focused tasks, such as oral drills in a classroom.

The concise encyclopedia of applied linguistics. The specific problem is: Ultimately, there would be similarities, but not the same.