Hyeronima alchorneoides is an important taxon of the neotrop- ical forest, whose center of distribution is located in the Andes. (South America). It is found from. Taxonomy and nomenclature. Family: Euphorbiaceae. Synonyms: Hyeronima caribaea Urban, H. choco- ensis Cuatrec., H. ferrugenea Tul., H. heterotrichia. Hyeronima alchorneoides. Family: Euphorbiaceae. Common name: pilón, zapatero, nancitón. Commercial name: pilón wood; bully tree wood. Pilón is renowned.

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Croton is also common along Pipeline Rd. International Common Names English: Several other Croton and Euphorbiaceae in the Canal area are restricted to remote wet sites. Miguel Cifuentes, Collection No. Title Leafy stipules Caption Conspicuous leafy stipules in 1 year old plantation, which are reduced in size in older trees. Hyeronima had heavy wood useful in many kinds of construction, and it is well known in Central America and sometimes planted in plantations.

Datasheet Hyeronima alchorneoides bully tree. Title Plantation Caption 4 year alchorneoidee plantation of Hyeronima alchorneoides.

In particular, see Croton billbergianusand Hura crepitans. Oils from the seeds are used medicinally as well as an anti-helminthic.

Title Root system of seedlings. Despite the edge preference, Hyeronima is not a tree of towns or open areas.

Hyeronima alchorneoides

Found from Gamboa to Sherman in the Canal area lowlands, but neither on the Pacific slope nor the wet forests of Santa Rita and the mountains. Title Seedlings Caption Newly yyeronima seedlings 45 days of Hyeronima alchorneoides. A tall tree with a straight, cylindrical trunk, hyeronma yellowish in color.


Duponchelia fovealis Southern European marshland pyralid Associated with not a host: Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: It is mostly a alchorneoidrs of forest edge or clearings in the forest; within the forest, there are scattered large trees but few saplings. Frankliniella schultzei cotton thrips. Large trees have buttresses at the base, and these extend into roots that are visible above the ground as far as 30 m from the trunk.

They are heart-shaped, but the size and shape is quite variable.

Flowers are byeronima or yellowish, small, produced in long stalks near the ends of the branches. Title Fruits Caption Immature fruits approximately 2 mm in diameter.

In juveniles, the bizarre stipules are yheronima give-away, and these are easy to see at Pipeline Rd. The fruit is a small berry that turns purple when it is mature, either in May-June or November-January.

Hyeronima alchorneoides (bully tree)

Don’t need the entire report? Title Seedlings Caption Seedlings ready for outplanting at 5. Title Leaves Caption Leaves from juvenile tree larger leaves and mature tree small leaves.

The one year old trees in the foreground are ca. In adults, the stipules are nothing like this and instead are thin and short. Leaves from juvenile tree larger leaves and mature tree small leaves. Title Plantation Caption Different aged trees grown in plantation.

Hyeronima is most abundant in Soberania, and there juveniles are common and readily seen along Pipeline Rd. Note the dense canopy, shaded understorey and deep litter layer. Wounds at the base of the trunk turn black from the sap exuded. Different aged trees grown in plantation. List of Pests Top of page Minor host of: Leaves are simple, alternate, and clustered toward the end of branches.


Title Root system of seedlings Caption 5. In adults, Hyeronima is like several other Euphorbiaceae, with heart-shaped leaves that often turn yellow while still on the tree. Hyeroniam trees typically have some yellow leaves in the crown. Title Bark Caption Copyright M. Title Plantation Caption Plantation of one year old, 1. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Note the distinctive red and yellow colouration of the senesced leaves.

Title Male flowers Caption Note the long stamens which differentiate these from female flowers.

Hura has distinctly different leaf hyeronlma, and as a large treee it lacks buttresses. Hyeronima ovatifolia Lundell Stilaginella amazonica Tul. The stipules of saplings are remarkable — green and leaf like, but rolled into a little structure which ants sometimes inhabit indeed, the stipule appears to be designed to house small creatures.

Title Inflorescences Caption Close-up showing developing inflorescences.

There appear to be two flowering seasons per year, one in March and April, a second from August to October.