History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

Author: Taujas Vom
Country: Swaziland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Finance
Published (Last): 9 October 2016
Pages: 205
PDF File Size: 9.73 Mb
ePub File Size: 16.47 Mb
ISBN: 913-2-38373-895-1
Downloads: 82153
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Maumuro

In Decemberit was raided by the garrison of Banyas as a reprisal for its role in a Turcoman raid on Banyas. Unfortunately, however, their personal observations cannot be taken as independent evidence of the Great Platform’s pre-Roman origin. They were then transported to the site by placing them on sleighs that rested on cylindrical wooden rollers. Yet the openness of individuals such as de Saulcy and Renan gives us reason to doubt the assertions of their modern-day equivalents.

They may have simply been rolled into position along temporary earthen banks from the quarry [] or multiple cranes may have been used in combination.

So the Great Platform turns out to be Roman after all, or does it? Bibliography Alouf, Michel M. It was granted to the eunuch Ata al-Khadim[19] who alouv served as viceroy of Damascus. Every year a human head floats from Egypt to Byblos’.

It is a subject that requires much further research before any definite conclusions can be drawn, but the apparent advanced capabilities of the proposed Byblos culture allows us to perceive the antiquity of Baalbek’s Great Platform in a new light.

Baalbek – Wikipedia

Moreover, the visible courses of smaller blocks above and to the right of the Trilithon are markedly different in shape hishory appearance to the smaller, more regular sized courses in the rest of the obviously Roman structure. In the early 2nd century, Trajan added the temple’s forecourt, with porticos of pink granite shipped from Aswan at the southern end of Egypt.

Were alliances forged with them, wars fought alongside them? Ragette suggests the ‘bury and baabek method, 33 where ramps baxlbek compacted earth would be constructed on a slight incline up to the top of the wall – which before the Trilithon was added stood at an estimated twenty-five feet high. These are important points in favor of the Great Platform, as in the hostory of the inner podium, being of much greater antiquity than the Roman, or even the Ptolemaic, temple complex.

The blocks would then be pulled upwards by pulley gangs on the other side until they reached the required height; a similar method is thought to have been employed to erect the horizontal trilithon stones at Stonehenge, for instance.


Despite finding nothing they could date prior to Baalbek’s Roman occupation, [] Puchstein and his associates worked until baalbek and produced a meticulously researched and thoroughly illustrated series of volumes. In his long discourse on the cosmogony of the world and the history of the earliest inhabitants of Lebanon, Sanchoniatho cites Byblos as Lebanon’s first city.

Their progeny, the Nephilim, were half-mortalhalf-Watcherand there is tentative evidence in the writings of Sumer and Akkad to suggest that the accounts of great battles being fought between mythical kings and demons dressed as bird-men might well preserve the distorted memories of actual conflicts between mortal armies and Nephilim-led tribes. Is it possible that Baalbek’s first ‘city’ was constructed, not just as a religious centrebut also as an impenetrable fortress against attacks by whatever we see as constituting the gigantes and Titans of mythology?

The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman Rule, — He noted both the magnificence of the Roman remains and the drab condition of the modern settlement. Some scholars have suggested that Baal Assyrian Hadad was only one of a triad of Phoenician deities that were once venerated at this site – the others being his son Aliyan, who presided over well-springs and fecundity, and his daughter Anat Assyrian Atargatiswho was Aliyan’s devoted lover.

The limestone courses that make up the outer podium base – which, of course, includes the Trilithon – are heavily pitted by wind and sand erosion, while the rest of the Temple of Jupiter still possesses comparatively smooth surfaces. Hapgood, Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings, p. Baalbek’s great sanctity was well-known even before the building of the temple, for it is said to have possessed a renowned oracle which, according to a Latin grammarian and author named Macrobius fl.

The Phoenicians are known to have employed the use of cyclopean masonry in the construction of their citadels. Camulodunum Lindum Colonia Londinium. Yet the question remains as to why this pre-Phoenician, sea-going nation should have wished to construct an almighty edifice on an elevated plain between two enormous mountain ranges. Yet the Beqa’a Valley is also famous for quite another reason.

As he points out, similar methods of transportation were successfully employed in Egypt and Mesopotamia, as is witnessed by various stone reliefs.

Although Tartarus has always been seen as a purely mythical location, there is reason to link it with a Phoenician city-port and kingdom known as Tartessus Tarshish in the Bible that thrived in the Spanish province of Andalucia during ancient times.

Aloufaptly put it: This ‘head’ apparently took seven days to reach its destination. For instance, the French scholar, Louis Flicien de Saulcystayed at Baalbek from 16 to 18 March and became convinced that the podium walls were the ‘remains of a pre-Roman temple’. Lord Rothschild Memorial Sermon by J. No eBook available Book Tree Amazon. The evidence is this – Gyges, or Gyes, was a son or Coelus ie.


He in turn delivered them up to the priests and prophets until they came into the possession of one Isiris, ‘the inventor of the three letters, the brother of Chna who is called the hitory Phoenician.

It is mentioned in Josephus[49] Pliny[50] Strabo[51] and Ptolemy [52] and on coins of nearly every emperor balabek Nerva to Gallienus. A Cruise to the Orient by J. Roof sculpture of Ceres.

Space-Time-Matter by Hermann Weyl. This, however, is not what happened at Baalbek, for its courtyard ceased in line with the temple facade. The Temple of Bacchus. In the mid-1st century, Nero built the tower-altar opposite the temple. Was it from the remnants of an earlier culture, such as the one spoken of by Sanchoniatho as having existed on the Levant coast in mythical times? History of Baalbek by Michel M. Unfortunately this tells us very little about the site’s real age.

Secondly, the reliefs depicting the movement of large weights in Egypt and Assyria show individual pieces that are an estimated tonnes in weight – one tenth the size of the Trilithon stones. The Story of Columbus by N.

Yet when, and how, this god of corn, rain, tempest and thunder, was worshipped here is not known, even though legend asserts that Baalbek was the alleged birth-place of Baal.

Yet an account of this same story given by a Chaldean writer named Thallusstates that instead of being banished to Tartarus, Gyges was ‘smitten, and fled to Tartessus’. Even if the dates suggested for Sanchoniatho’s Byblos culture are open to question, I believe the sacred fortress hypothesis brings us a lot closer to unlocking the mysteries of Baalbek.

History of Baalbek

One of the most puzzling hisfory of the ruins at Baalbek are the 1,plus ton stones which formed part of the original temple platform. The enigma is this – although the high-tech, computer programmed jet balbek that scream through the Beqa’a Valley possess laser-guided missiles that can precision bomb to within three feet of their designated target, there is not a crane today that can even think of lifting a tonne weight, never mind a tonne weight like the stone block left in the quarry.

Were they incorporated into the design through a combination of technological capability and sheer necessity, not through ‘the interest of appearance’ or some ancient wall-building tradition upheld by the neo-Phoenicians of the Roman era?