Esther Boserup. Boserup, a Danish agricultural economist, is distinguished by two intellectual achievements: a seminal theory of population to rival Malthus in. Issue Analysis Essay – Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup Issues in Population Geography University of Toronto – Nicolette Ramcharan Thomas Malthus’ Essay . work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse. This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and.

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Therefore, workloads tend to rise while efficiency drops. Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup depict the two key theories of population sustainability. If there is food the population will increase. The Economics of Agrarian Change Under Population Pressure, laid out her thesis, informed by her experience in India in opposition to many views of the time.

Malthus says, the extra people have to die. Her position countered the Malthusian theory that agricultural methods determine population via limits on food supply. Population growth is changed and impacted by war, famine and destruction. According to Malthusian theorythe size and growth of the population depends on the food supply and agricultural methods. From a political stance, the Malthusian theories were used against helping the poor.

Ester Boserup – Wikipedia

An interdisciplinary populaion relevant for sustainability”. Then, “encouraged by her mother and aware of her limited prospects without a good degree,” [7] she studied economic and agricultural development at the University of Copenhagen fromand obtained her degree in theoretical economics in Similarities include the fact that they both agree that a rise in population would also increase the demand for food.

Retrieved May 24,from http: In fact they were not able to rise above the position that they were placed in and required the resources to escape.


Boserup is known for her theory of agricultural intensification, also known as Boserup’s theorywhich posits that population change drives the intensity of agricultural production. Supersized The implications of persistent population growth Education levels: Where did he go wrong?

Drawing on her knowledge of farming in the developing world, where populations were growing quickly, Boserup argued that the threat of starvation and the challenge of feeding more mouths motivates people to improve eester farming methods and invent new technologies in order to produce more food.

Retrieved 4 October In the Malthusian view, when food is not sufficient for everyone, the excess population will die.

Malthus vs Boserup

Malthus explained that an increased demand for food would ultimately cause food production to decline, which is explained through the law of diminishing returns. Malthus is talking about the potential for a population to face environmental limits. Women, development, and the UN: More people may be killed from wars over trying to get hold of resources – he called these a positive check. It was her great belief that humanity would always find a way and was quoted in saying “The power of ingenuity would always outmatch that of demand”.

Behind the scenes What causes change? This page has been archived and is no longer updated. In time, there would not be enough resources for everyone. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This, Malthus thought, was what would save us from large-scale starvation.

This questions class in connection to the environment. However they carry opposing theories towards what occurs when resources are limited for the population Boserup, Boserup says that you just have to upgrade the productivity of the food supply.

Her first major work, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: Many liberal feminists took Boserup’s analysis further to argue that the costs of modern economic development were shouldered by women.


So if more food was needed she wrote that people would invent ways of increasing food supply – crops thsat fight diseases or survive with less water are examples of this. This page was last edited on 12 Octoberat There are few who would agree that an increase in the frequency of cropping is the only possible response to population pressure; the extensive margin can be extended, higher yielding crops adopted, and methods that increase yields introduced independently of increases in the frequency of cropping.

Archived from the boesrup PDF on October 30, This was prior to the agricultural revolution; consequently he rejected technology from his theory, which makes it somewhat inaccurate Malthus, Boserup is talking about overcoming those limits through culture and technology. At populatuon time when he was writing the Industrial Revolution had not yet arrived, and without developments such as pesticides and fertilisers the amount of food that could be produced per acre of land was much smaller than it is today.

BBC – GCSE Bitesize: Theories of resource consumption

She was the only daughter of a Danish engineer, who died when she was two years old. You could argue that the Malthusian trap drove 18 th Century Europeans to industrialise. They can both be right. Print Geography The global food industry. However if the farmer has two more children, the pressure to produce more food might drive him to build populatoin canals to bring water to the fourth field or to buy a different type of seed that will grow in drier ground.