Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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The Tuta Ngoni moved north wards into the land ngini the Holoholo on the Eastern shores of Lake Tanganyika but were driven out, forcing them to change course and settle in North-eastern Tanzania among the Nyamwezi around ls.

Ngoni Migration / The Coming of the Ngoni ~ wanazuoni Wetu

The Tuta Ngoni for example disrupted trade caravans along the central route between Tabora and Ujiji. General knowledge of the Bantu migration. Things were made worse by 10 years with much less rain. As the population grew, the extra people had to fight for land in order to survive.

The defeated Maseko split into two groups. This allowed them to be a full-time army. They could have moved because of famine and drought that led to lack of food and water. Describe who the Ngoni were and identify the area where they came from. During their northward movement they absorbed many people on the way for example the Shona and Songa.

They caused the loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas where they got warriors this was especially in southern Tanzania.

Causes of ngoni migration?

Another splinter group moved to Newala, Masasi and Tunduru. As they moved north they came into conflict. The Tuta Ngoni, the smallest group left Ufipa, moved northwards fighting and clashing with the Holoholo near Lake Tanganyika. The Tuta Ngoni, on their movement northwards, disrupted the trade particularly between Tabora and Ujiji. Who were the Ngoni? The tributes were gifts. Zwagendaba led the biggest Ngoni group that entered East Migartion. The Ngoni were fully united under their commanders.


How is the sky there but untouchable? They also chose nfoni open spaces for fighting and liked attacking their enemies during nights. It led to increased war-fare among the African societies, including those areas that had been peaceful before.

They used the short stabbing migrqtion called assegai rather than the long throwing spears which meant that the warriors could attack more effectively at a close range They used large cow hide shields, which could not be easily penetrated by spears.

According to these “Hearing Tales” the Ngoni believe that the tribe is related to migeation Zulu.

The influence of their leaders: The Ngoni Migration into East Africa – Yahoo New Zealand Answers. They are direct descendants of the Zulu.

Increased knowledge of military tactics by the age regiments: Ngoni disturbance disrupted normal cultivation leading to famine. Due to overpopulation there was land shortage hence land disputes, which led to forcing them to migrate to other areas. At Songea the Ngoni absorbed and intermarried with local inhabitants they found there – the Yao. There were 3 groups of the Ngoni in East Africa i. Assegai, cowhides and shields.

Both boys and girls were taught the arts of painting, modelling and crafts. The Ngoni invasion led to the rise on outstanding leaders to prominence. S ome Ngoni people owned large herds of cattle and northwards looking for pasture and water for their animals.

They moved because of external pressure from the British and the Boers in the South who were moving northwards occupying their land.


There is a separate area where the men of the village talk. There was spread of Ngoni customs and culture. It was also due to epidemic diseases such as smallpox and sleeping migraton that affected them. There were intermarriages between the Ngoni and Nyamwezi,whichsubsequentlyled to improved relationships between the invaders and indigenous peoples, and an increase in population.

They went forward to battle in a horn formation and closed around their enemy. They were attracted migdation this area here because of the many herds of cattle around.


It is now difficult to know who is Ngoni and who is not. The Ngoni intensified slave trade in East Africa, this was because they displaced people from their homes and so making it easy for slave raiders to get them and sell them.

It led to formation of some societies by those who used Ngoni tactics e. Zwagendaba led the biggest Ngoni group that entered East Africa. They may have also migrated because of population pressure. So they wanted to look for more fertile land for their cattle. They believed that they could have other territories through migration. Because there was plenty of food he was able to have an army. They moved in large numbers which helped them to outnumber their enemies who were often caught unaware.

After this story, assign them the following duties. This gave them more food and allowed Zululand to support more people. The Ngoni invasion illustrates the influence of external forces on the lives of the indigenous people. What caused the migrations from Europe.?